The STING EFFECT

Insects and bees play very important roles in the maintaining the homeostasis and the balance of the environment. The bees help in the blossoming of the marvelous flowers and nutritious fruits and some insects aid in the decomposition and recycling of nutrients and waste products.

All of the wonders of these creatures that were thought to exist even million years ago.  The fact that they have existed ever since means that they
have what it takes for them to survive during those early eras. I am talking about their protective kid_rashmechanisms, skills, and ability and in addition, their harmful stings.

According to Merriam­ Webster, a sting is the act of hurting someone by piercing through the skin with a sharp or pointed part that usually contains poison. At common times, the piercing is tolerable but the poison is a matter that will need to be addressed as an emergency. The bites and the stings of insects are common and usually will cause only a minor irritation. However, if you have a known hypersensitivity, it will elicit an allergic reaction. The insects that bite include mosquitoes, fleas, bedbugs, spiders, mites, and ticks. The insects that sting are bees, wasps, and hornets.

Basing the symptoms of a sting from a bee, I saw it with my eyes one time a person was stung in the nape of her neck. The things happened very urgently. At first, she complained of something which was very minute and pin­like sensation on her neck. Suddenly, I saw a bee flew up from the area where she was complaining of. After which, she reported that she could not to see clearly and her vision blurred. A minute after, she lost consciousness. She was rushed to the emergency room of a nearby hospital and was diagnosed with an anaphylactic reaction due to a bee sting.

Along with the symptoms detailed above, the person who was bitten or stung by an insect may experience wheezing or difficulty of breathing, nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea, rapid heart rate, difficulty in swallowing, confusion, anxiety, or agitation.

Generally, most bites and stings are treated by washing the affected area with soap and water and by placing a cold compress which could be a285x285_Skin_Allergies_In_Children_1 flannel or cloth soaked in cold water over the area to reduce swelling. In cases of a serious reaction, your doctor will possibly prescribe you a medication and you may undergo immunotherapy or desensitization.

It is important to visit your primary care doctor or visit Fast Track Immediate Care and make an appointment for allergy testing so appropriate preventative measures can be taken and serious conditions can be prevented. Fast Track offers allergy testing and urgent care to those who have severe allergic reactions to stings. Visit now at their clinics in Albany, Dublin, Eastman, and Milledgeville or call at 800­811­7369.

Different insect poisons require different antidotes, hence self-medication is strongly discouraged. It is best to listen to the advice and interventions of the doctors at Fast Track Immediate Care.

In order to prevent insect bites and stings, it is important to:

  • use insect repellent and keep your skin covered when outdoors
  • not to panic if you encounter wasps, hornets, or bees and back away slowly
  • do not waive your arms around or swat at them
  • cover your exposed skin
  • wear shoes when outdoors
  • avoid using products with pungent scents
  • never disturb insect nests
  • keep doors and windows closed or put thin netting or door beads over them.
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Heat Stroke: What to do?

Summer is the time where we indulge in outdoor activities and leisure. But it is also a time where the temperature is high and the environment is humid.  Exposing ourselves to too much sun may cause conditions that affect out health, one of which is heatstroke. Heatstroke is one of the severe forms of heat injury and is considered a medical emergency. Since this is a serious condition, we must be equipped with the knowledge on how to prevent and treat this condition.

According to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, extreme heat can lead to very high body temperatures, brain and organ damage, and even death. People suffer heat-related illness when their bodies are unable to compensate and cool themselves properly. Extreme heat affects everyone, heat-strokebut the elderly, children, the poor or homeless, persons who work or exercise outdoors, and those with chronic medical conditions are most at risk. A study released today in CDC’s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report found that 7,233 heat-related deaths occurred in the United States from 1999 to 2009. An analysis of 2012 data indicates that deaths are on the rise. In a 2-week period in 2012, excessive heat exposure resulted in 32 deaths in four states, four times the typical average for those states for the same 2-week period from 1999-2009. More than two-thirds of the deaths (69 percent) occurred at home, and 91 percent of those homes lacked air conditioning.   Most of those who died were unmarried or living alone, and 72 percent were male.

Symptoms of Heatstroke:

Heatstroke is a life-threatening condition because it can kill or cause damage to the brain and our internal organs. Heatstroke occurs when we exposed ourselves too much under high temperatures. Once this happens, we become dehydrated and our body is unable to maintain its normal body temperature. The body’s core temperature reaches to 105 degrees Fahrenheit of greater. Symptoms of heatstroke include the following:

  • Body temperature of 10f degrees Fahrenheit or greater
  • Nausea
  • Seizures
  • Confusion
  • Disorientation
  • Loss of consciousness

Other signs may include:

  • Headache
  • Light-headedness
  • Inability to produce sweat despite the hot environment
  • Hot, dry skin
  • Muscle weakness
  • Tachycardia (increased heart rate)
  • Difficulty in breathing

Heatstroke: What to do?

If you think your family member is having a heatstroke, seek medical help right away. You may call 911 or visit your nearest health care facility so that proper treatment will be done. While waiting for help to arrive, it is imperative to provide first aid. Here is a list of first aid management to a person suffering from heatstroke.

  1. Place person in an air-conditioned environment. If not available, place the patient in a cool, well-ventilated room.
  2. Remove unnecessary clothing off the patient.
  3. If you have a thermometer available, get the patient’s temperature.
  4. Apply ice packs to the patient’s armpit, groin, back, neck, or forehead. This helps in cooling the patient core temperature because these areas are well-endowed with blood vessels
  5. Provide sponge bath, soak a piece of cloth and wipe patient’s extremities.

These first aid steps must be provided as soon as possible to prevent further complication that might occur to the patient.

Heatstroke: Preventionrunning-woman

Heatstroke can affect anyone, regardless of age, gender, location everyone is at risk. So we must be aware of ways on how to prevent heatstroke. Heatstroke commonly occurs outdoor, so one must protect themselves from the high heat index. If you must go outdoors, you can protect yourselves by taking these steps:

  • Wear light, loose-fitting clothes
  • Wear a protective hat
  • Use a sunscreen with a sun protection factor (SPF) of 30 or more
  • Hydrate yourself. Drink plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration. Dehydration may be one of the key factors why a person experiences heat stroke. You may drink fluids that contain electrolytes and salt.
  • Schedule or plan your activities outdoor. Choose a time of the day when the sun is not too high. You may choose from early morning (sunrise), or after sunset.

The sun provides us warmth and lighting. It is an essential part of our existence, but too much of something can be bad for our health. We have to protect ourselves from the negative effects of too much sun exposure. Heatstroke may sound simple, but this is a life-threatening condition that we must be aware of. If you ever experience this or know of someone who is having this condition, seek help. Visit your nearest health care facility. FastTrack offers reliable and affordable health care services suited for your emergency needs. Our well-trained doctors and medical practitioners are ready to assist you with your needs. Our centers are equipped with state of the art technology. Here at FastTrack, we offer service that is reliable, affordable, and FAST.

Visit us at our Albany, Dublin, Eastman, or Milledgeville offices or call us at 800-811-7369 for free.

Definition of injury – Types, Prevention and Treatments

Injury according to the dictionary means harm or damage or an act or event that causes someone or something to no longer be fully healthy or in good condition. As for us common people, injury pertains to a certain situation involving trauma, accidents and uncontrollable instances. But did you Sports-injury-Rehabknow that there are actually a lot of types of injuries? These types of injury can be classified into: overuse injuries and traumatic injuries.

Overused Injuries:

We all do activities of daily living, may it be at home, work or even outside doing groceries or shopping. Our body tends to adapt to all these activities but once we overuse it, our muscle gets injured. Our muscles, like rubber bands are stretchable, but once they overstretched they get inflamed, swollen, or worst, tears up. It is important that we know how to take care of our body to prevent these injuries. Some of the common overuse injuries are the following:

  • Muscle strains affecting any part of the body
  • Sore heels
  • Tight and sore calves (gastrocnemius)
  • Swollen ankles
  • Workout injury
  • Shin splints
  • Soreness after exercise
  • Repetitive motion injuries
  • Running injury

Traumatic Injuries

The other type of injury is traumatic injury. This type of injury commonly occurs playing sports, or any activity involving physical contact. Motor vehicular accidents involving injuries to different parts of the body can be considered as Traumatic injury. Common types of traumatic injuries are the following:

  • Concussions
  • Head injury
  • Rotator cuff tears

Causes of Injuries

Our muscle can only do so much. So therefore, it is important that we do not overwork them. People tend to push their limits and as a result, hurt themselves. Body mechanics also is important to prevent these injuries. Most of us forget to do this, thus hurting our back and straining our muscles. It is important to keep in mind that everything we do to our body, comes back at us. Another cause of overuse is the type of footwear we use during our exercise. Shoes should be comfortable and should be fit in order for our feet to be protected. We should always select footwear suited to our desired activity. Training errors can also contribute to most of overused injuries. This involves rapid acceleration of intensity, duration, and frequency of an activity.

How to treat injuries?treating-ankles

Injuries may happen at any time or place. So it is important to know how to treat injuries if you encounter one. Basic first aid is important for most of the overused injuries. Always remember the acronym RICE which means:

Rest: Rest the affected part, immobilize it so pain doesn’t get worst. Most of these injuries only require resting the muscles involved.

Ice: Place ice on the affected part. Place ice pack 20 minutes at a time for every 3-4 hours. Do not place ice on the affected part for more than 20 minutes. This may be done 24-48 hours after injury.

Compression: Wrapping the affected area with an elastic bandage helps in the healing process of the muscle. It is important that you place the bandage not too tight so as to allow your blood to circulate in the area.

Elevation: Always elevate the affected part above the level of the heart. If you injure your feet, you may place 1 to 2 pillows under it to elevate it.

Injuries can be prevented, but there are circumstances that are beyond our control. Proper education, training, Urgent Care, and a good family doctor would help us prevent and treat these types of injuries.